Alphabet Headaches

Literacy challenges for non-alphabetic English learners



Suggested Sequences for Teaching

Two recent presentations set out some possible teaching sequences for the key skills needed by Biscriptal Learners of English. These cover:


1. Phonemic Awareness and Phonics, and

2. Handwriting and Morphological Awareness/Vocabulary Development


Both are based on these two conceptual models:

Word-level areas of need

A Model of Biscriptal Reading Development

BICS = Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills

CALP = Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency

The two presentations are available as presenter's notes here:

Biscriptal Learners 1:

Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

Biscriptal Learners 2:

Handwriting and Morphological Awareness/Vocabulary Development

* Both presentations begin with a brief survey of the World's Writing Systems. The second-half of each presentation outlines the suggested teaching sequences.